The apartments of Naumov

Architect: Nikola Yurukov
Year: 1911
Address: 3, Shipka Street



Naumov’s apartment building is among the most intriguing lessons of Secession architecture from Shipka Street. Its construction is a result of the collaboration of two Bulgarians from Kostur (nowadays in Greece) – the builder Ivan Naumov and the architect Nikola Yurukov, who worked together in the construction of the St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia. After several years of working together, architect Yurukov designed the apartment building of his partner. The project is interwoven with both the great talent and the Viennese training of Nikola Yurukov, who graduated with excellent grade from the High Technical School in the capital of the then Austro-Hungary. As with many angular buildings, both street facades have their own individuality. From the Shipka street you can see the series of bizarre variety of balconies – 1. balcony with an iron railing, 2. corner balcony with a single column and highlighted on the top with arrow-shaped cornice, 3. covered wooden balcony and 4. again corner balconies, but this time with two columns. The main entrance on San Stefano street reveals a Medusa mask over the door and leaves of flowers as decorations over the windows – a typical secession combination.

Апартаментите на Иван Наумов

The year of the building is 1911, when only three decades and three years after the Liberation, Bulgaria had built institutions and industry, renovated cities and a capital city that has just exceeded the population of 100 000. This year Bulgaria had a new Prime Minister – Ivan Evstratiev Geshov. Raised in a wealthy Plovdiv family, with English education and the principle of “freedom, order and legality”, Geshov has the primary task of preparing the Kingdom of Bulgaria for war with the Ottoman Empire. The young state had already built up economic and military power, but above all, national self-confidence to begin a war with the empire under which ruled the Bulgarian lands for 482 years. The architect himself, Nikola Yurukov, was not far from the aspirations for national unification of the Bulgarians. A member of the IMRO and a defender of the idea of ​​the indivisibility of Macedonia from Bulgaria, the architect participated in the wars from 1912 to 1918. After that he changed his vision and maintained the idea of ​​an independent Macedonia as part of the Balkan Federation. For that shift, ironically, he was killed in 1923 under a verdict of the internal Macedonian revolutionary organization (IMRO).